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This week’s research guide Refugees

Refugees - Research Guide International Law

The United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 defines a refugee as ‘owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country’. The definition of a refugee was expanded by the Convention’s 1967 Protocol and by regional conventions in Africa and Latin America to include persons who had fled war or other violence in their home country. The Protocol ensures that internally diplaced persons can be recognized as refugees as well those who flee from areas because of natural disasters, large scale development projects, etc.

Check our Research Guide on Refugees

Library Blog

Arctic drilling

The Impact of Offshore Oil Drilling in the Arctic

In July 2015 the Obama administration has given Royal Dutch Shell PLC approval to begin with limited exploratory oil drilling off Alaska’s northwest coast, in the Chukchi Sea. The permits were granted despite the nationwide protest (where people in 13 states gathered for a “ShellNo” Day of Action) and protests by many environmental organizations such as Greenpeace, the Natural Resources Defense Council and Friends of the Earth. In this blog I will give a summary of the history of Arctic drilling and I will also discuss shortly the environmental concerns and technological and safety risks relating to offshore oil drilling in the Arctic.

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Special collections

  • Grotius collection

    • Ḥuqūq-i jang va ṣulḥ: mabāhiṯī dar ḥuqūq-i ṭabīʿī, ḥuqūq-i milal, va nukāt-i asāsī dar bāb-i ḥukūmat va siyāsat: Hoqūq-e jang va solh: mabāhesi dar hoqūq-e melal, va nokāt-e asāsi dar bāb-e hokūmat va siyasat
      Ḥuqūq-i jang va ṣulḥ: mabāhiṯī dar ḥuqūq-i ṭabīʿī, ḥuqūq-i milal, va nukāt-i asāsī dar bāb-i ḥukūmat va siyāsat: Hoqūq-e jang va solh: mabāhesi dar hoqūq-e melal, va nokāt-e asāsi dar bāb-e hokūmat va siyasat

      Hugo Grotius, De Iure belli ac Pacis (The Rights of War and Peace), translated in Persian by: Hossein Piran (Ph.D.), 2014.

    • Mare liberum
      Mare liberum

      Mare Liberum

    • DeIureBelliAcPacis_1st_state
      DeIureBelliAcPacis_1st_state

      De iure belli ac pacis libri tres (1st state) / Hugo Grotius, 1625

    The Peace Palace Library in The Hague holds one of the greatest collections in the world of the works of Hugo Grotius. More about this collection »
  • Peace movement

    • De wereldvrede: orgaan van de Nederlandsche R.K. Vereeniging tot Bevordering van den Wereldvrede, No. 2, November 1912.
      De wereldvrede: orgaan van de Nederlandsche R.K. Vereeniging tot Bevordering van den Wereldvrede, No. 2, November 1912.

      De wereldvrede: orgaan van de Nederlandsche R.K. Vereeniging tot Bevordering van den Wereldvrede, No. 2, November 1912.

    • Rostworowski, J. (et al.), Katholische Stimmen gegen den Krieg: eine internationale Sammelschrift, Berlin-Wilmersdorf, Hans Winter Buchdruckerei, 1928.
      Rostworowski, J. (et al.), Katholische Stimmen gegen den Krieg: eine internationale Sammelschrift, Berlin-Wilmersdorf, Hans Winter Buchdruckerei, 1928.

      Rostworowski, J. (et al.), Katholische Stimmen gegen den Krieg: eine internationale Sammelschrift, Berlin-Wilmersdorf, Hans Winter Buchdruckerei, 1928.

    • Who bought the Bomb?, New York, American Boycott Against Agressor Nations, ca. 1938.
      Who bought the Bomb?, New York, American Boycott Against Agressor Nations, ca. 1938.

      Who bought the Bomb?, New York, American Boycott Against Agressor Nations, ca. 1938.

    The Peace Palace Library holds a unique collection on the peace movement from the period 1899- 1940. More about this collection »