Democracy and security
One of the most recently emerging notions of security is rooted in understanding links between democracy and security. In diverse societies that are prone to political and societal polarisation, discrimination and exclusion of minority groups becomes rife. The decline of democracy and the rise of autocratic states create opportunities for exclusion by power holders that, in turn, become a source of insecurities. As a complementary focus to the securitisation of minorities, the cluster will conduct research that covers emerging insecurities in the context of ethnic diversity, where issues of discrimination and exclusion tend to prevail due to the dominance of non-democratic regimes. This inquiry is an absolute necessity to reflect a global democratic decline in the recent years.