Minorities Blog. National Minorities and the War in Ukraine

The ECMI Minorities Blog, published by the European Centre for Minority Issues (Flensburg, Germany), is a space for reflection and analysis of current issues, national or international, related to national, ethnic, and linguistic minorities. The blog is open to authors with a longstanding experience in research concerning minorities, as well as those who are at the beginning of their academic careers.

In view of the recent events in Ukraine, the editors decided to create this special section on the ECMI Minorities Blog, dedicated to reflections on the situation and impact of war on national minorities, in and outside of Ukraine.

Potential topics include (but are by no means limited to) the following:

  • Minorities in Ukraine during the war (case studies or comparative analyses)
  • A gender dimension of the impact of the war on minorities in Ukraine
  • Roma minorities in Ukraine during the war
  • Minorities as refugees and internally displaced persons
  • Minorities in Ukraine and their respective kin-states engagement
  • Impact of war on indigenous peoples (e.g. Crimean Tatars)
  • Minority language media and the war in Ukraine
  • Impact of the war on Russian and Belarusian minorities in Europe
  • Perceptions of the Russian minorities in the Baltic states

Please note that unlike our usual blogposts, those covering the situation in Ukraine can be shorter (ca. 1000 words), as the editors would like to have more texts on a variety of topics published as soon and as frequently as possible.

Before submitting a post for publication, please consult with the blog editors the topic you are proposing and the timeframe for publication.


Dr. Sergiusz Bober

Senior Researcher

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Dr. Andreea Cârstocea

Senior Researcher

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ECMI Minorities Blog. Indigenous Peoples and National Minorities in the Temporarily Occupied Territories of Ukraine

Mykhailo Drapak

On February 24, 2022, Russia launched an offensive against Ukraine simultaneously in the north, east and south of the country. Thus, Russian troops expanded their temporary occupation of Ukrainian territories, which began in 2014. Millions of Ukrainian citizens, including indigenous peoples and national minorities, found themselves in the temporarily occupied territories. Residents of those regions are suffering a lack of food, utilities and medical care, and live under the pressure of the Russian troops, namely are deprived of the right to express their opposition to the invasion by detaining, intimidating, torturing and executing. Under such conditions, the usual policy of diversity management is reduced to the struggle for the life of every citizen. This blog piece is dedicated to the current situation in the temporarily occupied regions of Ukraine inhabited by the communities of indigenous peoples and national minorities.

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ECMI Minorities Blog. Disinformation, Digital Nationalism and the Hungarian Minority in Ukraine

Krisztina Lajosi

The Hungarian minority in Ukraine living mainly in the region of Transcarpathia (Zakarpattia Oblast) has not yet been directly exposed to the horrors of the war. However, roughly since 2014, it has been targeted by online propaganda and disinformation serving the interests of the Kremlin in both Russian and Hungarian media. Several studies have demonstrated how the right-wing media supporting the Hungarian government have come increasingly under Russian influence either directly by translating pieces from Russian media outlets, or indirectly by channeling the talking points of the Kremlin. This digital propaganda has merged with the offline diffusion of ideologies supporting the illiberal democracy that Viktor Orbán declared official policy in Hungary in his infamous speech from 2014. This blog post explores the intricate web of nationalisms that influence  political opinions among the Hungarian minority in Ukraine.

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ECMI Minorities Blog. Ukraine’s National Minorities Trapped by the War: the Cases of Ethnic Greeks and Bulgarians

Kateryna Haertel

As the war against Ukraine erupted on 24 February 2022, national minorities found themselves among its first victims, both as individuals and communities characterized by unique knowledge, language, and culture. This piece looks into the immediate effects of the war on ethnic Greeks and Bulgarians, and potential lessons learned for the state of Ukraine and its minorities from these tragic events. Whereas ethnic Greeks strive for physical survival in a besieged city of Mariupol and its surroundings, ethnic Bulgarians have mobilized in support of refugees. Those situations highlight the role of minority community leaders in voicing support for the Ukrainian authorities and as facilitators of aid from kin-states, as well as turn minority civil society organizations (CSOs) into agents of change of nation-wide significance.

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