2022-03-08ECMI Welcomes Researchers Affected by the War in Ukraine
The ECMI announces its readiness to host academics and scholars displaced by the war in Ukraine. / Європейський центр з питань меншин (ЄЦПМ) висловлює готовність стати приймаючою організацією для українських дослідників/-ниць та вчених з науковим ступенем, які постраждали унаслідок війни в Україні.
2022-11-10The First Touring Exhibition on Minorities Is Now in Flensburg
The exhibition has been initiated by the Minorities Secretariat in Berlin. In early summer this year, it was presented at the German federal parliament and has since been touring within the country. Now it can be seen in the library of the Europa Universität Flensburg for the next six weeks. Yesterday evening, (Nov.10, 22) the exhibition formally opened. Assoc. Prof. Martin Klatt, Head of the Danish-German Minority Issues Research Cluster at the ECMI, gave an opening lecture.
2022-11-01ECMI Minorities Blog. Romanians and Moldovans in Ukraine and their kin states’ engagement before and after the war – towards a triadic partnership for effective minority protection?
Ukraine recognizes Romanian and Moldovan as distinct minority languages, even though the official language of the Republic of Moldova is Romanian. This distinction between Romanian and Moldovan is not merely a symbolic matter, it has practical, negative consequences for members of the minority communities concerned. Since the 1990s, Ukrainian-Romanian relations have been affected by mutual distrust rooted in historical resentments, stereotypes, and prejudice at the level of both political elites and the general public. Moldova and Ukraine have experienced ups and downs in their bilateral relations due to the complex geopolitical context and growing Russian interference. The ongoing Russian war against Ukraine has had a strong impact on Moldova and Romania as well as on their kin minority communities in Ukraine. This war marks a turning point in history. It has caused tectonic shifts in global affairs, in the Euro-Atlantic community, and in national politics and interstate relations. Ukraine, Romania, and Moldova can turn the ongoing crisis into an opportunity to reset their (dysfunctional) bilateral relations. It is high time for a paradigm shift towards a new, enhanced triadic partnership which is able to ensure an effective system of minority protection.
2022-10-24ECMI Minorities Blog. National Minority Media and Work of Minority Journalists in the Time of the War of Aggression against Ukraine
In this blog post, the author examines the specifics of the work of minority media and minority journalists during the first six months of the war of aggression against Ukraine. The text is based on the author’s interviews with representatives of different types of minority media outlets – printed, digital, as well as the public broadcaster – operating in different regions of Ukraine. The key findings indicate a tendency towards scarcer reporting about the daily lives of ethnic communities and a more vulnerable situation for minority reporters, many of whom have fled abroad, of all media outlets scrutinized. Moreover, a significant decrease in broadcasting in minority languages through the public broadcaster is identified in one of the multi-ethnic regions.
2022-10-21Seminar in ECMI Headquarters' Region: CIVIL SOCIETY DIALOGUE - BETWEEN MINORITY AND MAJORITY IN THE GERMAN-DANISH BORDER REGION
As you might know, we are a founding member of the Minderheiten Kompetenz Netzwerk (Minorities Competence Network) and would in this context like to draw your attention to a five day seminar which will be held at the end of November. The event will take place at Akademie Sankelmark, only 12 km away from our headquarters in Flensburg.
2022-10-17ECMI Minorities Blog. How Moscow ‘Eliminates’ Its National Minorities in the War with Ukraine
As Russia is increasingly losing its military personnel in the war with Ukraine, the Kremlin is trying to make up for these losses in every possible way. Following a period of covert partial mobilization, since 21 September 2022 Russia has launched a partial mobilization; both involved disproportionately the male population from remote underdeveloped regions with concentrated populations of national minorities, particularly from the Far East, North Caucasus, Buryatia, Khakassia etc., as well as from the occupied areas of Georgia, Ukrainian Donbas, and Crimea. Conscription is much less common in Russia’s large economically and socially developed cities, where the majority of the population is ethnic Russian. The number of representatives of the poorest national minorities from remote regions of Russia who were injured or killed during the war disproportionately exceeds the respective share of ethnic Russians who have suffered the same fate. Beyond the economic reasons for the increased participation of minorities in the war, this disproportionality raises questions as to the intentions of Putin’s regime in sending these populations - rather than the Russian majority – to the frontlines.
2022-10-06ECMI Minorities Blog. Could a new level of digitalisation offer minority language media outlets a strategy to attract a wider audience?
Minority language media (MLM) faced significant disruption resulting from the digitalisation processes which brought in increased competition and challenged traditional business models. With a new wave of technological advancements in auto-translation, however, there may be opportunities to grow audience within different speaker groups. This blogpost considers the model of Scottish Gaelic broadcaster BBC Alba, which is sustained by a two-pronged strategy of content for speakers and non-speakers, concluding that other outlets, including newspapers, could utilise auto-translation tools to grow their audience as readership habits evolve. Caution is also expressed towards the possibility of majority-language first practices creeping in out of convenience, serving as a reminder that regulation and public funding must ensure that minority language content is continuously produced, and that the current wave of digitalisation is advantageous for MLM.
2022-09-23New Research Project: Sparking Events, Emotional Climates, and Cascades of Cultural Identity Conflicts (SPARK)
Sparking Events, Emotional Climates, and Cascades of Cultural Identity Conflicts - (SPARK) is the title of the new research project the ECMI is conducting in collaboration with the Institute of Political Science at Heidelberg University. The project is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and is expected to be completed within the next three years.
2022-09-06Tag des offenen Denkmals - Das Europäische Zentrums für Minderheitenfragen (ECMI) öffnet seine Türen
Wir öffnen unsere Türen am 11. September 2022 für die Öffentlichkeit. Anlass ist der Tag des offenen Denkmals. Von 12:00 - 15:00 Uhr sind Neugierige eingeladen, mehr über die maritime Geschichte des historischen Gebäudes und die heutige Arbeit des ECMI zu erfahren. Ein buntes Kinderprogramm sowie eine kleine Stärkung für Groß und Klein, runden das Programm ab. Vi slår dørene op for offentligheden den 11. september 2022. Anledningen er den tyske ”Tag des offenen Denkmals”, eller på dansk: Bygningskulturdagen. Fra kl. 12.00 til 15.00 inviteres nysgerrige til at lære mere om bygningens maritime historie og ECMI's aktuelle arbejde. Et farverigt børneprogram samt en lille forfriskning for store og små afrunder programmet.
2022-09-05ECMI Minorities Blog. Is Uzbekistan Not Ready to Let It Go? Unrest in Karakalpakstan
In July 2022, unprecedented demonstrations took place in Uzbekistan’s Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan. These demonstrations followed proposed constitutional amendments which would remove Karakalpakstan’s right to freely secede from the Uzbek Republic. Thousands of Karakalpaks joined together for peaceful demonstrations to protest against the changes concerning their homeland. Tashkent reacted in line with what seems to have become a Central Asian formula: military troops were sent to suppress the demonstrations, which led to multiple deaths and injuries; the Internet was shut down; curfews were introduced; and checkpoints were set up around the region. The President of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, came to Karakalpakstan to promise that its status would not change as the proposed amendments would be removed. The probability of Karakalpakstan seceding through a referendum remains low: it is the poorest region of Uzbekistan, and Karakalpaks are not even the majority of the population there. However, the status and the right to secede seem to play a significant symbolic role to the Karakalpak people, as their quick and coordinated mobilisation has shown.
2022-09-04Flensburg`s tour guides visited the ECMI
More than 20 city tour guides came to our headquarters in Flensburg this summer. The goal was to connect with our staff and exchange knowledge about the historical building of the ECMI, the Kompagnietor, one of the oldest erections in town. The guides demonstrated a great interest in and tremendous knowledge about our headquarters building "Kompagnietor" during their visit. Being built in 1603 and having served as a meeting place of the Flensburger See- und Kaufmannsgemeinschaft and the seat of the Maritime Court in the past, the history of our base has indeed a lot to offer.
2022-09-01Summer School in Basque Country, Oñati, under the umbrella theme ‘Minorities as Citizens’
As in the years before, the Summer School 2022 pursued again a multi-disciplinary approach and looked at its umbrella theme from different perspectives: the legal definition of citizenship, political representation, collective mobilization, transnational frameworks and minority representative bodies were some of the topics adressed in the course of the intensive 8 days programme. The venue, Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law, embedded in the border region of Oñati, turned out as the perfect spot to gain more expertise in the field of minority studies.
2022-08-30New Federal Government Commissioner Natalie Pawlik visits the ECMI
ECMI Chairman Prof. Jørgen Kühl, ECMI Director Prof. Vello Pettai and Dr. Martin Klatt, Senior Researcher and Head of the German-Danish Minority Issues Cluster at the ECMI, welcomed Natalie Pawlik in the historic conference room of the HQ building in Flensburg today.
2022-07-26ECMI Minorities Blog. Events in Tajikistan’s Pamir – A Vicious Cycle of Unresolved Conflicts?
In 2022, Tajikistan’s Gorno-Badakhshan Region saw several demonstrations of the non-recognised Pamiri minority. The government, unsurprisingly, reacted with force: the internet was shut down in the whole region, many local leaders were detained and persecuted. This is not the first time that confrontation between Pamiris and governmental representatives appointed by the capital Dushanbe takes place, with similar events happening in 2012, 2014, and 2021. In this blog piece ECMI Researcher Aziz Berdiqulov looks more closely at those events, puts them in a long-term perspective, and offers a possible way out of the fatal cycle of tensions.
2022-07-25ECMI Minorities Blog. Russian Migrants in Central Asia – An ambiguous Reception
One of the consequences of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is the imposition of western economic sanctions on the country and further autocratization of its political system. Both factors have resulted in a significant outward migration of Russian citizens, with Central Asia being one of frequent destinations due to the geographic proximity and widespread use of Russian language. At the same time, for many Russians the region remains a terra incognita, perceived primarily through the presence of the Central Asian labour migrants. In this blog piece, ECMI Researcher Aziz Berdiqulov examines this recent phenomenon by discussing specifically the cases of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan as receiving countries, through the prism of different initiatives addressing the influx, social attitudes concerning the newcomers and reactions of the Russian minorities present there. Furthermore, the author tries to assess whether the new situation has the potential for changing the hitherto pattern of relations between Russians and Central Asians.