2022-03-08ECMI Welcomes Researchers Affected by the War in Ukraine
The ECMI announces its readiness to host academics and scholars displaced by the war in Ukraine. / Європейський центр з питань меншин (ЄЦПМ) висловлює готовність стати приймаючою організацією для українських дослідників/-ниць та вчених з науковим ступенем, які постраждали унаслідок війни в Україні.
2022-07-26ECMI Minorities Blog. Events in Tajikistan’s Pamir – A Vicious Cycle of Unresolved Conflicts?
In 2022, Tajikistan’s Gorno-Badakhshan Region saw several demonstrations of the non-recognised Pamiri minority. The government, unsurprisingly, reacted with force: the internet was shut down in the whole region, many local leaders were detained and persecuted. This is not the first time that confrontation between Pamiris and governmental representatives appointed by the capital Dushanbe takes place, with similar events happening in 2012, 2014, and 2021. In this blog piece ECMI Researcher Aziz Berdiqulov looks more closely at those events, puts them in a long-term perspective, and offers a possible way out of the fatal cycle of tensions.
2022-07-25ECMI Minorities Blog. Russian Migrants in Central Asia – An ambiguous Reception
One of the consequences of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is the imposition of western economic sanctions on the country and further autocratization of its political system. Both factors have resulted in a significant outward migration of Russian citizens, with Central Asia being one of frequent destinations due to the geographic proximity and widespread use of Russian language. At the same time, for many Russians the region remains a terra incognita, perceived primarily through the presence of the Central Asian labour migrants. In this blog piece, ECMI Researcher Aziz Berdiqulov examines this recent phenomenon by discussing specifically the cases of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan as receiving countries, through the prism of different initiatives addressing the influx, social attitudes concerning the newcomers and reactions of the Russian minorities present there. Furthermore, the author tries to assess whether the new situation has the potential for changing the hitherto pattern of relations between Russians and Central Asians.
2022-07-10ECMI Minorities Blog. Minorities and the War in Ukraine: Navigating the ‘Perfect Storm’?
Where do European minority issues stand following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine? What are the dimensions of this crisis that pose a particular challenge to the European minority rights regime? Does the renewed sense of purpose among liberal democracies augur a revitalization of minority issues or continued business as usual? The ECMI’s Director Vello Pettai looks at the stakes involved with the war in Ukraine. Already before the crisis, minority issues were operating in an increasingly crowded landscape of societal concerns: populism, climate change, the COVID-19 pandemic. Russia’s aggression has brought together a further cocktail involving autocratization, kin-state activism and geopolitical disorder. Key institutions governing and promoting the European minority rights regime will need to be regrouped before a new impulse for minority issues can be found.
2022-07-08ECMI Minorities Blog. Roma as Tokens? Reference Groups and the Practice of Deciding First and Informing After
In Sweden, the Roma have the right to contribute to and influence policy measures that affect them. Authorities often fulfil their obligation to include Roma through the so-called reference groups. The authors see several problems with this model. First, the reference groups are deprived of agency, as they are often not involved at early stages in the planning, but rather informed and consulted on ready-made decisions. Second, an emphasis is placed on “Romani organisations” when nominating and selecting representatives, which encourages rapid creation of new organisations with few members and activities, little transparency, and affected by gate-keeping as the power is kept between a few individuals. Last, the emphasis on linguistic and cultural competence deprives many individuals of influence and the possibility of being heard, especially those who have been subject to harsh assimilation
2022-06-29ECMI Minorities Blog. The Response of International Organisations and Roma Civil Society to the Plight of Ukraine's Roma Refugees in Europe
The Russian full-scale invasion of Ukraine has triggered the unprecedent human displacement crisis with more than 13 million individuals uprooted from their homes. It is estimated that among 5,7 million people who fled abroad, at least 100,000 belong to Roma minority – one of the most vulnerable and marginalized minority groups. In this blog entry, the author examines how the international institutions and Roma civil society organisations stepped in to support Roma refugees and combat discrimination in their accessing rights and resources granted to those fleeing the war in Ukraine.
2022-05-31ECMI Launches New Regional Cluster and Appoints New Senior Researcher
The ECMI is pleased to announce the opening of a sixth research cluster in September 2022 focusing on German-Danish minority issues. The initiative will help to anchor the ECMI further in the study and promotion of regional, cross-border minority affairs.
2022-05-20ECMI Minorities Blog. Ukraine’s National Minorities Trapped by the War: The Cases of Ethnic Romanians and Hungarians
In this blog entry, the author continues looking into the effects of the war against Ukraine on its minority communities, by highlighting the cases of two minorities with traditional residence areas in the western part of the country - ethnic Romanians and Hungarians. The author concludes that both minorities, either through the engagement of their civil society, religious, and educational institutions or individuals, have become a well-integrated part of an overall civil society architecture in western Ukraine emerging during the war. Moreover, all-Ukrainian civic identity features prominently in relation to both communities.
2022-05-16ECMI Minorities Blog. Indigenous Peoples and National Minorities in the Temporarily Occupied Territories of Ukraine
On February 24, 2022, Russia launched an offensive against Ukraine simultaneously in the north, east and south of the country. Thus, Russian troops expanded their temporary occupation of Ukrainian territories, which began in 2014. Millions of Ukrainian citizens, including indigenous peoples and national minorities, found themselves in the temporarily occupied territories. Residents of those regions are suffering from lack of food, utilities and medical care, and live under the pressure of the Russian troops. Their opposition to the invasion is met with detentions, intimidation, torture and executions. Under such conditions, the usual policy of diversity management is reduced to the struggle for the life of every citizen. This blog piece is dedicated to the current situation in the temporarily occupied regions of Ukraine and pays particular attention to the communities of indigenous peoples and national minorities.
2022-04-25ECMI Minorities Blog. Disinformation, Digital Nationalism and the Hungarian Minority in Ukraine
The Hungarian minority in Ukraine living mainly in the region of Transcarpathia (Zakarpattia Oblast) has not yet been directly exposed to the horrors of the war. However, roughly since 2014, it has been targeted by online propaganda and disinformation serving the interests of the Kremlin in both Russian and Hungarian media. Several studies have demonstrated how the right-wing media supporting the Hungarian government have come increasingly under Russian influence either directly by translating pieces from Russian media outlets, or indirectly by channeling the talking points of the Kremlin. This digital propaganda has merged with the offline diffusion of ideologies supporting the illiberal democracy that Viktor Orbán declared official policy in Hungary in his infamous speech from 2014. This blog post explores the intricate web of nationalisms that influence political opinions among the Hungarian minority in Ukraine.
2022-04-22Support for Participation of Students Fleeing Conflict Zones in 12th Annual Summer School
The ECMI is committed to working for the improvement of the situation of Europe’s minorities and ensuring participation of the disadvataged groups and scholars. Therefore, the ECMI and the Coppieters Foundation decided to support the participation of three persons forced to flee conflict zones in the 12th Annual Summer School on National Minorities in Border Regions.
2022-03-29ECMI Minorities Blog. Ukraine’s National Minorities Trapped by the War: the Cases of Ethnic Greeks and Bulgarians
As the war against Ukraine erupted on 24 February 2022, national minorities found themselves among its first victims, both as individuals and communities characterized by unique knowledge, language, and culture. This piece looks into the immediate effects of the war on ethnic Greeks and Bulgarians, and potential lessons learned for the state of Ukraine and its minorities from these tragic events. Whereas ethnic Greeks strive for physical survival in a besieged city of Mariupol and its surroundings, ethnic Bulgarians have mobilized in support of refugees. Those situations highlight the role of minority community leaders in voicing support for the Ukrainian authorities and as facilitators of aid from kin-states, as well as turn minority civil society organizations (CSOs) into agents of change of nation-wide significance.
2022-03-28Aufruf Wissenschaftskooperation mit Kolleg*innen aus Russland und Belarus
Ukraine-Krieg: Das ECMI unterzeichnet, zusammen mit zahlreichen Institutionen der deutschen Osteuropaforschung, einen Appell an die Forschung. Dieser warnt vor Diskriminierung in der Wissenschaft.
2022-03-28Call for Contributions to ECMI Minorities Blog Related to National Minorities and War in Ukraine
The ECMI Minorities Blog, published by the European Centre for Minority Issues (Flensburg, Germany), is a space for reflection and analysis of current issues, national or international, related to national, ethnic, and linguistic minorities. The blog is open to authors with a longstanding experience in research concerning minorities, as well as those who are at the beginning of their academic careers. In view of the recent events in Ukraine, the editors decided to create a special section on the ECMI Minorities Blog, dedicated to reflections on the situation and impact of war on national minorities, in and outside of Ukraine.
2022-03-23ECMI Researchers Address Members of German Bundestag
Invited on March 22 to speak before a special breakfast meeting of German parliamentarians in Berlin, ECMI Director Vello Pettai and Senior Researcher Felix Schulte shared their analysis of the war in Ukraine and its impact on minority issues.
2022-03-18ECMI Emphasises Role of Minorities in Regional Development in Its Proposals to Conference on Future of Europe
The ECMI strongly believes in the importance of diversity and the role of minorities and minority issued in the future of Europe. In order to bring the topic of minorities forward, the ECMI has submitted the following four ideas to the Conference on Future of Europe. The Conference has finally been launched after a one-year delay caused by the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic. It is a large-scale initiative by the EU institutions to bring the EU closer to its citizens and provide a space for them to debate on Europe’s challenges and priorities.